The Ser/Des Protocol#

The core of Typical’s protocol resolution logic is the Resolver. It provides the central entry-point for our APIs, which allows us to maintain feature symmetry between the Object API, the Functional API, and the The Protocol API. The Resolver is responsible for the following work:

  • Resolve the type or annotation to an operational runtime description.
  • Generate a protocol for deserialization, translation, and validation of incoming data.
  • Generate a protocol for the translation and serialization of outgoing data.

The result of this work is a single SerdesProtocol object which understands how to interact with inputs and outputs which conform to the type annotation it’s been given. The Protocol API exposes this object directly, the Object API binds this protocol to the type definition, and the Functional API uses this protocol internally.

We won’t go over the API of the SerdesProtocol again, as it has already been described in detail in Using Typical. Instead, we’re going to focus on how you can customize the protocol to suite your needs.

Customizing Your Ser/Des Protocol#

Typical provides a path for you to customize how your data is transmuted into your custom classes, and how it is dumped back to its primitive form. It all starts with this class:


case: Optional[typic.common.Case] = None

Select the case-style for the input/output fields.

exclude: Optional[Iterable[str]] = None

Provide a set of fields which will be excluded from the output.

fields: Union[Tuple[str, ...], Mapping[str, str], None] = None

Ensure a set of fields are included in the output. If given a mapping, provide a mapping to the output field name.

omit: Optional[Tuple[Union[Type, Any], ...]] = None

Provide a tuple of types or values which should be omitted on serialization.

signature_only: bool = False

Restrict the output of serialization to the class signature.

The simplest method for customizing your protocol is via the Object API.

Customizing a typic.klass
import typic

class Foo:
   bar: str = typic.field(name="Bar")
   exc: str = typic.field(exclude=True)

foo = Foo("bar", "exc")

#> {'Bar': 'bar'}

#> '{"Bar":"bar"}'

For more power, you can manually assign the __serde_flags__ attribute on any class.

Manual Customization on Classes
class Foo:
    __serde_flags__ = typic.SerdeFlags(fields=("bar", "prop"))
    prop: int
    bar: str = ""

    def prop(self) -> int:
        return 0

proto = typic.protocol(Foo)
#> {'prop': 0, 'bar': ''}

Or even pass in pre-defined flags when creating a protocol.

Pre-defined Flags for Protocols
import typic
from typing import Mapping

flags = typic.SerdeFlags(case=typic.Case.CAMEL)
mapping_proto = typic.protocol(Mapping, flags=flags)

print(mapping_proto.tojson({"foo_bar": 1}))
#> '{"fooBar":1}'